Nootropics & Other Cognitive Enhancement

NootoropicsNootropics (drugs/psychoactive substances) is a form of biological Cognitive Enhancement, i.e., any modification in the biology of a person which increases their cognitive capacities 1. Apart from drugs (nootropics), alternative biological cognitive enhancements include, possibly, magnetic stimulation. 

Note: this page was last updated in November, 2014, and was written by a single author. It does not reflect any consensus on LessWrong.

Nootoropics (drugs/psychoactive substances) is a form of biological Cognitive Enhancement, i.e., any modification in the biology of a person which increases their cognitive capacities 1. Apart from drugs (nootropics), alternative biological cognitive enhancements include, possibly, magnetic stimulation. 

Note: this wagepage was last updated in November, 2014, and was written by a single author. It does not reflect any consensus on LessWrong.

The citations on this page are mess with all their links. I'm going to leave them for now and mark it as done, can fix up later. Not worth the time it'd take.

BiologicalNootoropics (drugs/psychoactive substances) is a form of biological Cognitive Enhancement is, i.e., any modification in the biology of a person which increases histheir cognitive capacities 1. These modifications can be done through the use ofApart from drugs (‘smart pills’) or(nootropics), alternative biological cognitive enhancements include, possibly, magnetic stimulation. 

Note: this wage was last updated in November, 2014, and was written by a single author. It does not reflect any consensus on LessWrong.


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  6. Jump up↑SANBERG, Anders & SAVULESCU, Julian. (2008). "Neuroenhancement of Love and Marriage: The Chemicals Between Us." Neuroethics (2008) Vol. 1:31-44.
  7. Jump up↑BOSTROM, Nick & SAVULESCO, Julian. (orgs.), (2009) "Human Enhancement". Oxford University Press.
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  20. Jump up to:20.020.1CAIDWELL, John A. et al. (1999) "The Effects of Modafinil on Aviator Performance During 40 Hours of Continuous Wakefulness: A UH-60 Helicopter Simulator Study." Army aeromedical research unit fort rucker al.
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  23. Jump up to:23.023.1BARANSKI, J. V. Et al. (2004) "Effects of modafinil on cognitive and meta-cognitive performance". Hum Psychopharmacol. 2004 Jul; Vol. 19(5):323-32.
  24. Jump up to:24.024.1MÜLLER, U. Et al. (2004) "Effects of modafinil on working memory processes in humans". Psychopharmacology (Berl.) Vol. 177 (1-2): 161–9.Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "mull1" defined multiple times with different content
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  34. Jump up↑BOSTROM, Nick & ORD, Toby. (2006) "The Reversal Test: Eliminating Status Quo Bias in Applied Ethics". Ethics 116 (Julho 2006): 656-679.