A Malthusian Scenario refers to humanity returning to an subsistence-level of existence due to population growth outpacing production. Tomas Malthus originally proposed this scenario in the 18th century, anticipating that population growth unbounded food production would be outpaced and inevitable famine would follow, leaving the renaming at subsistence-level. Dramatic agricultural production efficiency increases and population control have avoided this specific scenario. In the last ten years, due to efficiency increases in many areas, while population grew 15%1 total production grew around 100%2. Today, “Malthusian Scenarios” encompass the scarcity of any essential resource in relation to an expanding population.
Whilst food production has expanded in the developed world, its sustainability could be jeopardized due to limited resources such as oil (which agriculture is heavily dependent upon) being rapidly depleted3. If population continues to grow a Malthusian catastrophe would appear to be inevitable as there will always be a finite amount of resources to exploit.
Robin Hanson has also suggested that Singularity-level technology, such as mind-uploading, would possibly result in Malthusian scenarios. Because uploaded minds could be so easily copied, reproduction costs would fall so dramatically that population growth could outpace even an enhanced-technology society production. Hence, all wages would be reduced to upload subsistence levels4.