Signaling

Countersignaling is signaling that a naive observer might take to mean that one is the opposite of X, when in fact, one is X, used as a means to signal that one is, in fact, X. For example, aristocrats ("old money") may forgoeforgo gaudy bling in order to signal that they are not nouveau riche (new money), which may lead some people to incorrectly assume that they are not rich.

Applied to Notes on Shame by David_Gross at 3mo
Applied to Notes on Dignity by David_Gross at 4mo
Applied to Talkers and doers by Amir Bolous at 9mo
Applied to Conspicuous saving by Matthew Barnett at 10mo
Applied to Notes on Amiability by David_Gross at 1y
Applied to Motive Ambiguity by Multicore at 1y
Applied to Notes on Loyalty by David_Gross at 1y

Signaling is behavior whose main purposedefined by Yvain as "a method of conveying information among not-necessarily-trustworthy parties by performing an action which is more likely or less costly if the information is true than if it is not true". Some signaling is performed exclusively to demonstrate toimpress others that you possess(to improve your status), and in some desirable trait. cases isn't even worth that. In other cases, signaling is a side-effect of an otherwise useful activity.

For example, if doing something is easy for one type of person and hard for another type of person, you might do that thing just to get people to think you're the former type of person, even if the thing isn't in itself worth doing. This could explain many facets of human behavior, and reveal opportunities for reducing waste.

Not all signaling is about abilities. Signaling can also be about personality, current emotional state, beliefs, loyalty to a bird performing an impressive mating display signalsparticular group, status within a group, etc.

Countersignaling is signaling that ita naive observer might take to mean that one is healthy and has good genes.

Signals are more effective ifthe opposite of X, when in fact, one is X, used as a means to signal that one is, in fact, X. For example, aristocrats ("old money") may forgoe gaudy bling in order to signal that they are costlynot nouveau riche (new money), which may lead some people to perform, or if it would be very hard to perform them without possessing the traitsincorrectly assume that they are meantnot rich.

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