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As a parent of young children, I often consider this very dilemma. In addition, as the other comments describe, there are several other dimensions along which a parent must optimize:

  • Things that may broadly "give" to oneself (Sleep, exercise, fulfillment of "vocation", hobbies, etc) vs Things that may broadly "take" from oneself (Basic care for kids, the kinds of play that may not interest the parent, drudgery of "work", chores, etc)
  • Disciplinary style & social environment within the family (A two-dimensional area ranging from Harsh to Permissive on one axis, and Compassionate to Disinterested on the other)
  • Aiming at Stability vs Encouraging of Change (Applicable to childcare, school, location of home, which sport one signs them up for next year, etc)
  • Culture (A two-dimensional area ranging from Providing a Culture to Letting them Loose, one one axis ((That is, does one instill some tradition intentionally, or, since we each have the influence of a cultural background, does one actively avoid doing so?)), and Suppressing Questioning to Encouraging Asking 'Why?' on the other)
  • Time & Money (Unless one is particularly rich or poor, one must trade the opportunities afforded by working longer hours to earn more against the opportunities afforded by those specific hours. This is made all the more acute by the non-fungible nature of the hours of our lives.)
  • And so on...

This is a place where I find traditional wisdom to be useful, since the constraints and values faced by parents have been largely the same since the invention of writing. (At least, for those who could write.) Consulting a variety of such works, both those which address the topic of parenting directly, as well as those which do so obliquely (typically narrative fiction of particular importance or cautionary tales), one can form generally-useful views, even if none seem universally-and-definitely useful.

Though I admit to thinking about this in this level of detail only as a result of your post, the main such points, 18 of them, in my view, are perhaps the following:

  • One must have a general awareness of what the needs and capabilities of a child are, across their development. Do not expect from them those things of which they are not capable.
  • When children make mistakes, their parents should encourage them to "pick themselves back up", whether a skill or moral mistake was made. (Note that it is the child's self that they should "pick back up"; the activity they were doing may or may not be worth trying again.)
  • The goal is to "raise" one's children into adults, so there can be no question of whether they are exposed to the things one is averse to in the world, but only of when and how. And because they are those things one is averse to in the world, they have a tendency to make themselves known sooner than one would like to discuss them.
  • Traditional constellations of the "virtues" provide a foundation of dispositions worth instilling in one's children in order to prepare them for the interactions that will make up most of their experience.
  • A thirst to understand begins in experiences that capture a child's attention and inspire a lasting sense of wonder. (Adapted from Aristotle)
  • A human must be taught, either by direct experience or by direct communication, everything they come to know. Help them have the experience and teaching they need, either from yourself or from others. Given this is so, do not express disturbance when they ask frank questions about any topic. (They will!)
  • Everything else one learns is built upon the fundamentals (things like phonics, writing/typing, logic, and basic math, yes, but also ability to control one's body both to act and to not act, social skills, a mindset that does not easily give up, etc), so one should exert real effort to secure these in one's children.
  • The aim of one's life cannot be "all of the above", and because the resources at one's disposal are finite (time, money, energy, etc), whatever is not the primary aim will surely be reduced to support that primary aim. So if there is an "aim of one's life" that the parents believe to be universally best, then the primary aim of their parenting must be to instill that life-aim in their children.
  • Those things which are both harmful and enjoyable are most to be defended against.
  • "Reasoning will never make a man correct an ill opinion, which by reasoning he never acquired" (per Jonathan Swift), and neither will it (directly) correct ill behavior done out of "impulse". Other methods are required.
  • Pain, generically of both the bodily and mental sorts, really is an effective teacher. One should note, however, that the lesson taught by the pain may be neither true nor useful, and if pain/unpleasantness is being used as a pedagogical tool by the parent, it may not teach the lesson intended in its application.
  • "All models are wrong, but some are useful." In a similar sentiment, fairy-tales and myths may be literally false, but convey a lesson that is directionally true for a specific domain. (That is to say, for the "moral lesson of the story".) And stories are a form of conveying information that is well-adapted to the human mind. Poetry and song, all the more.
  • The "mundane" things of life are such specifically because they are what constitute the majority of one's experience. So the manner in which these take place has a lot of "experiential surface area" to affect one's children.
  • Children look to their parents for love, acceptance, and comfort. Provide it to them. (This doesn't require accepting all behaviors, nor does it require directly or partially lying to them about bad things that have happened or will happen.)
  • They also need basic physical provisions, like food, water, and shelter. Provide those things to them. If you are unable to do so directly, seek the help of those who are able.
  • They also look to their parents for direct modeling of behaviors, whether the parents, themselves, would want those behaviors imitated or not. "Actions speak louder than words."
  • Parents must care for themselves in order to be able to care for their children, and so there must be resources (time, energy, money, etc) which are dedicated to this, and not to anything else. (This doesn't mean one should neglect one's children. And it is notoriously difficult to find a balance that would be generally considered "reasonable". But, except where especially difficult circumstances obtain, such as severe medical, political, or other crises, it is possible to find a "dynamic equilibrium". Perhaps the belief that one should pursue a static "balance" causes additional distress for some parents.)
  • One should try to make "maturity" a desirable goal for their children. Or perhaps it would be better to say that one should make continual growth & maintenance the paradigm for their children.

One note, based on my experience in across a variety of organizations, including holding a leadership role in a small political party, is that when a debate is "Free Flowing", if it is taking place verbally (usually in-person or over video-call) the lack of definite structure and time-boxing can often lead to domination by whoever of the two or more interlocutors has either greater prowess in rhetorical skill, or is more willing to simply steamroll over the opportunity for the other to speak, or both. I think a balance may be struck by having structured rounds, with a pre-established limit for the number of claims each side may argue for or against, and then also allowing the debate to last some arbitrarily large number of rounds.

Much of the rest sounds desirable, though (as is also true of "Fact Checkers") difficult to accomplish in a way which will satisfy all parties involved. Choosing someone or some group with a genuine openness to whatever the truth may be (or as close to that ideal as any person can have) is the most impactful action.

Does anyone here know of good examples of such forums for debate, either (recent) past or present?

Rot13: V gubhtug vg jbhyq or Znaan ol Znefunyy Oenva