A bunch of laws about AI were recently passed by Congress in the US.
The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) is the law which funds and organizes the Department of Defense of the United States. A new version of the law is passed periodically. For reasons beyond the scope of this post, it is one of a few bills which are considered "must pass" and therefore contain a lot of supplemental legislation, lately including action on COVID-19.
Hidden in the bill are AI provisions, both within the Department of Defense and for civilian agencies. There is a summary of the relevant sections provided by the Institute for Human-centered Artificial Intelligence (HAI) at Stanford. There is an even shorter summary, bullet-point style, at Import AI which is where I got the information.
It is primarily a matter of bureaucratic assignments: different offices and/or agencies are directed to produce reports describing their impacts; new committees are formed; the mandate for existing agencies/committees are expanded to include new facets of AI. The best news is that it includes one provision for ethics, including safety, but I remind everyone that these are in the generic sense of the term which includes uses and capability of machine learning rather than a focus on AGI. So think robots working alongside humans and error margins on deep learning target assessments rather than value alignment.
I will break each item from HAI's summary into a separate comment below, so we can discuss them individually. The ones beginning with CIV are civilian, and with DOD are Department of Defense.