Luke has mentioned much of the research that aspiring philosophers ought to read here.
In fact, he delineated a basis upon which good philosophy can be build, a worldview brought by science and experimentation that relates to, and informs, the kinds of facts which philosophers need to understand to increase their probabilities of asking, and giving good answers to, relevant questions.
Some argued that his list is biased, let us assume for the time being it isn't.
Some argued that the main problem with the list is that it requires either unmanageable amount of time to go through, or improbable levels of intelligence/motivation to do so. This argument does make sense if the purpose of the list was "Let us create a good Philosophy Course".
But this is not the purpose of it. The purpose of it, as most of what Luke publicly does is to save the World. And if doing so requires making people go through an enormous amount of pages of content besides their formal education, well, then so be it. If it has to be a six year course, then it has to.
At the end of his post he says:
You might also let them read 20th century analytic philosophy at that point [after going through his Mega-Course] — hopefully their training will have inoculated them from picking up bad thinking habits.
Now 20th century Analytic Philosophy, and some philosophy that isn't strictly analytic, should definitely be at a philosophy course. I urge other LessWronger philosophers to guide people through that.
Here is a list I have published here before, for Philosophy of Mind and Language (sometimes considered subsets or children of Analytic Philosophy). It covers only the minimal reading necessary to grasp the place of computationalism, and so-called computational theories of mind within the larger debate of philosophy.
But the last century has seen a lot of good philosophy that by luck didn't conflict with neither the science of the day, nor the science that was developed until 2012. Sometimes authors were very careful when writing their philosophy, and well versed in science, like Dennett, Hofstadter, Putnam, Ned Block, and Chalmers. Finally, frequently the topics at hand are sufficiently orthogonal with scientific development that it simply didn't matter that the author didn't know in 1970 what we (after the Mega-Course) know today.
So I ask Luke, Pragmatist, Carl Shulman and others to help build the layer that will sit on top of the science layer in the "Philosophy Given Science" Mega-Course for aspiring philosophers. The course will have four layers. Below the science layer, will be its prerequisites (admittedly large), and atop the one I'm suggesting here, we hope to start building a really good philosophy that is compatible with our scientific understanding, tackles mostly Big Questions which are highly likely to be meaningful, and frequently also useful for the major issues we still have time to solve.
This is the pyramidal structure I suggest we create, 1,2 and 3 being the content of the Mega-Course, and 4 being the likely outcome we expect it to facilitate, made by those who undertake it:
4) Philosophy given 1,2 and 3. Tackling the Big Questions, and making it portable to areas such as AGI, Biotech, etc...
3) Philosophy, up to 2012, that is well informed about or orthogonal to Science so far. Or lucky.
2) Science that is relevant to philosophy. This.
1) Prerequisites for 2.
In this post we begin layer three, I'll start by copying the Mind and Language I had sent. After I'll include some of Bostrom's recommendations within philosophy to me as an undergrad, and my selection of Dennett's, and Dennett's selection of science:
Language and Mind:
- 37 Ways words can be Wrong - Yudkowsky
- Darwin Dangerous Idea Chapters 3,5, 11, 12 and 14 - Daniel Dennett
- On Denoting - Bertrand Russell
- On What There Is - Quine
- Two Dogmas of Empiricism - Quine
- Namind and Necessity - Kripke OR Two Dimensional Semantics - David Chalmers
- “Is Personal Identity What Matters?” - Derek Parfit
- Breakdown of Will - Part Two (don’t read part 3) George Ainslie
- Concepts of Consciousness 2003 - Ned Block
- Attitudes de dicto and de se - David Lewis- Phil Papers 1
- General Semantics - David Lewis - Phil Papers 1
- The Stuff of Thought, Chapter 3 “Fifty Thousand Innate Concepts” - Steve Pinker
- Beyond Belief - Daniel Dennett in Intentional Stance
- The Content and Epistemology of Phenomenal Belief - David Chalmers
- Quining Qualia OR I Am a Strange Loop OR Consciousness Explained - Dan & Doug
- Intentionality - Pierre Jacob - Stanford Encyclopedia Phil
From Bostrom's suggestions:
- Philosophical Papers - David Lewis
- Frank Arntzenius
- Timothy Williamson
- Brian Skyrms
- Real Patterns
- True Believers
- Kinds of Minds
- Intentional Systems In Cognitive Ethology
- Those mentioned above in the Mind and Language list.
Not previously cited, but in Luke's favorites list:
- Noam Chomsky
- Stephen Stich
- Hilary Kronblith
- Eric schwitzgebel
- Michael Bishop
Dennett's suggestions on interdisciplinary science (layer 2):
- The Company of Strangers - Paul Seabright
- Not by Genes Alone - Boyd and Richerson
- I Am a Strange Loop. - Hofstadter
- Probably easier to list what should not be read...
This may initially appear overwhelming, but it is probably one order of magnitude less content than Luke's original post about layer 2. Once again I ask philosophers to specify more things within areas that are not well addressed here, such as ethics. Also books by scientists dealing with philosophical topics (such as Sam Harris: The Moral Landscape) can be added here.
The "Philosophy Given Science" MegaCourse may never actually take place, but it will be a very valuable guideline for institutions to influence actual Philosophy courses, for Philosophy teachers to get cohesive and preselected content to teach, and most importantly for diligent aspiring philosophers willing to get to the Big and relevant problems, instead of being the ball in the chaotic Pinball game that academic philosophy has become, despite all good things it brought. When the path is too long, a shortcut is not a shortcut anymore, it is the only way to get there before it is too late.