Information Hazards

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Alex_Altair (+1329) Created page with "An '''information hazard''' is a concept coined by Nick Bostrom in a 2011 paper<ref>{{Cite journal |title=Information Hazards: A Typology of Potential Harms from Knowledge |autho..."

Nick Bostrom coined the term information hazard in a 2011 paper1 [1] for Review of Contemporary Philosophy. He defines it as follows:

An Information Hazard is some true information whichthat could harm people if known. It is tricky to determine policies on information hazards. Some information might genuinely be dangerous, but excessive controls on information has its own perils. 

Bostrom's Typology of Information Hazards

Nick Bostrom coined the term information hazard in a 2011 paper1 for Review of Contemporary Philosophy. He defines it as follows:

Information hazard: A risk that arises from the dissemination or the potential dissemination of (true) information that may cause harm or enable some agent to cause harm.

Bostrom points out that this is in contrast to the generally accepted principle of information freedom and that, while rare, the possibility of information hazards needs to be considered when making information policies. He proceeds to categorize and define a large number of sub-types of information hazards. For example, he defines artificial intelligence hazard as:

Artificial intelligence hazard: There could be computer-related risks in which the threat would derive primarily from the cognitive sophistication of the program rather than the specific properties of any actuators to which the system initially has access.

The following table is reproduced from Bostrom 2011 [1].

TYPOLOGY OF INFORMATION HAZARDS
I. By information transfer mode
 Data hazard 
Idea hazard
Attention hazard
Template hazard
Signaling hazard
Evocation hazard
II. By effect
 TYPESUBTYPE
ADVERSARIAL RISKSCompetiveness hazardEnemy Hazard
Intellectual property hazard
Commitment hazard
Knowing-too-much hazard
RISKS TO SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND MARKETSNorm hazardInformation asymmetry Hazard
Unveiling hazard
Recognition hazard
RISKS OF IRRATIONALITY AND ERRORIdeological hazard 
Distraction and temptation hazard
Role model hazard
Biasing hazard
De-biasing hazard
Neuropsychological hazard
Information-burying hazard
RISKS TO VALUABLE STATES AND ACTIVITIESPsychological reaction hazardDisappointment hazard
Spoiler hazard
Mindset hazard
Belief-constituted value hazard 
(mixed)Embarrassment hazard
RISKS FROM INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMSInformation system hazardInformation infrastructure failure hazard
Information infrastructure misuse hazard
Artificial intelligence hazard
RISKS FROM DEVELOPMENTDevelopment hazard 

See Also

References

  1. Bostrom, N. (2011). "Information Hazards: A Typology of Potential Harms from Knowledge". Review of Contemporary Philosophy10: 44-79.

An information hazardInformation Hazard is a concept coined by Nick Bostrom in a 2011 paper1 for Review of Contemporary Philosophy. He defines it as follows;

Bostrom points out that thissome information which could harm people if known. It is in contrasttricky to the generally accepted principle of information freedom and that, while rare, the possibility of information hazards needs to be considered when making information policies. He proceeds to categorize and define a large number of sub-types ofdetermine policies on information hazards. For example, he defines artificial intelligence hazard asSome information might genuinely be dangerous, but excessive controls on information has its own perils. 

The table belowThis tag is reproduced from (Bostrom 2011).

TYPOLOGY OF INFORMATION HAZARDS

I. By information transfer mode

Idea hazard

Attention hazard

Template hazard

Signaling hazard

Evocation hazard

II. By effect

ADVERSARIAL RISKS

Intellectual property hazard

Commitment hazard

Knowing-too-much hazard

RISKS TO SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND MARKETS

Unveiling hazard

Recognition hazard

RISKS OF IRRATIONALITY AND ERROR

Distractionfor discussing the phenomenon of Information Hazards and temptation hazard

Role model hazard

Biasing hazard

De-biasing hazard

Neuropsychological hazard

Information-burying hazard

RISKS TO VALUABLE STATES AND ACTIVITIES

Spoiler hazard

Mindset hazard

Belief-constituted value hazard

(mixed)

RISKS FROM INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS

what to do with them. Not for actual Information infrastructure misuse hazardHazards themselves.

An example might be a formula for easily creating cold fusion in your garage which would be very dangerous. Alternatively it might be an idea which causes great mental harm to people.

Artificial intelligence hazard

RISKS FROM DEVELOPMENT

See also

References