Illusion of truth effect
People are more likely to identify as true statements they have previously heard (even if they cannot consciously remember having heard them before), regardless of the actual validity of the statement.
In other words, a person is more likely to believe a familiar statement than an unfamiliar one.
When combined with the bandwagon effect and/or the mere exposure effect, tends to lead to incorrect conclusions.
- link Wikipedia: Illusion of truth effect - an item on Forrest Landry's compiled list of biases in evaluating extinction risks.
The tendency to avoid options for which missing information makes the probability seem "unknown".
- link Wikipedia: Ambiguity effect - an item on Forrest Landry's compiled list of biases in evaluating extinction risks.
Meta comment: I'm going to be blunt. Most of this sequence has been fairly heavily downvoted. That reads to me as this community asking to not have more such content. You should consider not posting, or posting elsewhere, or writing many fewer posts of much higher quality (e.g. spending more time, doing more background research, asking someone to proofread). As a data point, I've only posted a couple times, and I spent at least, I dunno, 10+ hours writing each post. As an example of how this might apply to you, if you wrote this whole sequence as a single "reference on biases" and shared that, I bet it would be better received.
Say maybe Illusion of Truth and Ambiguity Effect each are biasing how researchers in AI Safety evaluate one option below.
If you had to choose, which bias would more likely apply to which option?