I'm sorry, not being dense, but what is with the last bullet point being all garbled? Do I need to decode that somehow?
I think the reason you got downvoted is that your title was too ambitious. What you have here isn't bad, but perhaps if you had named it "Speculations on Morality in Machines and Animals", it would have been better accepted.
You mentioned data structures and algorithms. What would you consider a skillset baseline for your typical BigCo.? Is that it?