In writing about parenting, I don't write enough about what didn't work: this might give the impression that everything I try works, which is not the case! Here's an example of something that didn't, and which I might have caught before trying if I'd thought a bit more.

Brief recap: I see one of my main roles as a parent being building independence:

I want to let my kids be as independent as possible, as early as possible. Not only does it make their lives better, because they can meet their own needs how they want, but it makes my life easier, because they can handle more on their own. Sometimes this involves a bit more effort up front, but I think it's substantially less effort in total.

For a while I had an approach which was essentially, "if you can do it yourself I'm not going to do it for you." For example, soon after Lily learned how to get her own cereal, we had some conversations like:

Lily: Papa, can I have some cereal?

Me: You know how to do that!

Lily: I don't want to, and you used to get it for me.

Me: Now that you can do it I'm not going to do it for you.

Lily: [unhappy]

After a few weeks I realized this was counterproductive. Yes, it did mean more practice at new skills, and it is where I want us to end up eventually, but the incentives are all wrong. Instead of her former excitement at learning new things and expanding what she was capable of, each new skill now made her life harder because I was less helpful. You can sort of think of this as too high a marginal tax rate: I was claiming too much of the surplus from her investments in her abilities.

After I realized it wasn't working I toned this down a lot. I will still sometimes refuse to do things they know how to do themselves, but most of the time they're happy enough to do the thing on their own, whenever they want, at their own speed, and in they way they prefer, that I don't need to push them along.

One place where I'll still consistently refuse is when I wouldn't have done it for them even before they learned how. For example, if they don't like dinner and ask me to heat up something else I'll do that, but then if they don't like that I won't just keep getting them additional things. Now that she can use the microwave, however, Lily has an additional option, which is that she can go heat herself something up on her own.

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The biggest thing that didn't work for us (note: four boys): All kinds of interventions to reduce or prevent conflict and fighting. Examples: Helping them understand the other, setting up incentives, intervening, separating, appealing to emotion... They didn't fight continuously and liked to do things together, but some intense conflict would come up every day or week. And in the end the conflict stopped on its own relatively suddenly without an obvious cause (the likely cause: Something maturity something). Well, maybe the work to reduce conflict was still needed or at least useful, but I think the effort could have been better spent.

There were maybe half a dozen downvotes. Would anybody like to comment on what that could refer to?  

One thing that i sometimes do is apply a time tax rather than an absolute tax on skills. Such as "I'll do that for you after i finish [whatever I'm doing], or you could do it yourself now if you don't want to wait"

This also has the advantage of being able to gradually increase the tax rate on old skills as the novelty of having learned it wears off.