Quantification of eyewitness reliability?


1


DataPacRat

This mentions some of the limitations of eyewitness testimony; does anybody here have any references giving any hard numbers about how reliable eyewitness accounts are, under any given circumstances?

I'd like to be more conscious about my Bayesian-type updates of my beliefs based on general accounts of what people say. So far, I've started using a rule-of-thumb that somebody telling me something is so is worth approximately 1 decibel of belief (1/3rd of a bit); evidence, but about the weakest evidence possible, nulled by any opposing accounts, and countered by any more substansive evidence.

If possible, I'd like to know exactly how reliable such testimony tends to be in one particular set of circumstances - time since the thing being reported, level of emotional involvement, etc - to use as a baseline, and at least roughly how strongly such factors change that. (I'll actually be very surprised if this particular set of data currently exists in ready form - but I'll be satisfied if I can get even order-of-magnitude approximations, so that I know whether or not the rules-of-thumb I end up using are at least within plausible spitting distance.)