Inspired by seeing Morality as "Coordination", vs "Altruism".
- Coordination: a) To do more win-win stuff. b) To band against some outgroup (win-win-lose).
- Selfish genes: E.g., your genes make you care about your family directly, as they are carrying your genes.
- Empathy: E.g., just thinking about how being tortured sucks so much makes someone want to stop others from being tortured.
- Signaling and reputation: E.g., having a reputation for being fair can give you power and status. Inversely, having a reputation for dishonesty can close a lot of opportunities.
- Insurance: Reducing variance of outcomes (e.g., bats sharing food).
- Hardwired assumptions: E.g., incest leads to flawed children.
- Fear of punishment: E.g., murder probably won't go unanswered.
- Rewards of subserviency: E.g., respecting high-status people is not without benefits.
- Power/status games: Enforcing norms can increase your own status and decrease others'.
- Optimizing trade-offs for personal benefits: E.g., net-neutrality is good for middle-class people, bad for poor people. "Bravery debates" might fall under this umbrella as well.
- Instinctual game-theoretic strategies: E.g., people like having more control and agency ("freedom"). Note that this is different from coordination (coordination is a subset of this); A lot of these strategies are win-lose.
- Abdicating responsibility: E.g., the current fiasco of Covid vaccines. People prefer passive harm to risky interventions because any activity brings responsibility.
What more can you think of? (Of course, a lot of these have some overlap.)