Since repositories are popular and useful, I thought it would be good to have one where we pair common bad/incorrect/flawed/misleanding/incomplete ideas with high-quality articles that explain why those ideas are bad/incorrect/flawed/misleading/incomplete.
Myers-Briggs as a theory of personality. -> Richard Batty's "The Myers-Briggs type Indicator: A Popular But Flawed Way of Understanding Your Personality" from 80000 Hours.
Microfinance -> Ben Todd's "Is Microfinance Mostly Hype?" and GiveWell's "6 Myths About Microfinance Charity Donors Can Do Without".
The idea that the AI will be benevolent/Friendly by default. -> Luke and Louie's "Intelligence Explosion and Machine Ethics".